At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  Finally, the agreement contains a section on financial, technical and capacity management assistance and cooperation, which includes a two-year cycle to verify that commitments made and commitments are being met. Since financial assistance is often directed to mitigation projects, the agreement corrects this asymmetry by ensuring that aid is put in place in a balanced manner between mitigation and adaptation. In addition, adjustment funding should be based on the public sector and subsidies, and the contribution of rich countries should be increased over time. Businesses know that an exit from the Paris agreement would hurt the U.S. economy while opening the country to greater risks due to serious climate impacts. That`s why more than 600 companies and investors such as DuPont, Gap, General Mills, Hewlett Packard, NIKE, Mars, PG-E and hundreds of small businesses have issued a statement to the new government asking it to implement the Paris Agreement. The authors of the agreement have set a withdrawal period that President Trump must follow – which prevents him from irreparably harming our climate. (a) to keep the global average temperature increase well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to continue efforts to limit the increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, the potential to significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change; The Kyoto Protocol, a pioneering environmental treaty adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time nations have agreed on country-by-country emission reduction targets. The protocol, which only came into force in 2005, set binding emission reduction targets only for industrialized countries, based on the fact that they are responsible for most of the world`s high greenhouse gas emissions. The United States first signed the agreement, but never ratified it; President George W. Bush argued that the agreement would hurt the U.S.
economy because developing countries such as China and India would not be included. In the absence of the participation of these three countries, the effectiveness of the treaty was limited, as its objectives covered only a small fraction of total global emissions. One of the greatest successes of the agreement is the full recognition of the third pillar of the new climate regime, namely Loss and Damage (L-D). If mitigation does not prevent climate change and its effects are more important and irreversible, so adaptation is not an option, the consequences that many face will be classified as L-D. A separate article of the agreement fully recognizes this aspect of reality and is dealt with permanently by the Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM). This mechanism was put in place at the end of 2013 with a deadline for the first activity report at the end of 2016.